The Moving Average Convergence Divergence

The Moving Average Convergence Divergence


If you look at our original chart, you can see that, as the two moving averages separate, the histogram gets bigger. This means that we are taking the average of the last 9 periods of the “faster” MACD Line and plotting it as our “slower” moving average. The two lines that are drawn are NOT moving averages of the price. The second is the number of periods that are used in the slower moving average.


Machine learning algorithm sets Terra Classic (LUNC) price for … – Finbold – Finance in Bold

Machine learning algorithm sets Terra Classic (LUNC) price for ….

Posted: Thu, 02 Mar 2023 13:40:32 GMT [source]

A positive MACD indicates that the short-term moving averages are above the medium-term ones and, therefore, bullish. Generally speaking, MACD crossing the zero line or the central line is a buy or sell indication. The zero line from the bottom is a buy signal, and the central line cutting from the top is a sell signal. However, the zero-line crossover rules have a disadvantage; the events occur with a lag. Large bars indicate divergence in a moving average convergence divergence histogram, whereas small bars indicate a convergence of the moving averages. The MACD trend is bullish when the short-term moving averages are above medium-term moving averages and bearish in reverse situations.

Advantages of MACD

Note that the histogram bars have nothing to do with the trading volume of the asset. By default, the signal line is calculated from a 9-day EMA of the main line and, as such, provides further insights into its previous movements. A bearish signal isidentified when the MACD line crosses from above to below its signal line.

Users of the generally avoid trading in this situation or close positions to reduce volatility within the portfolio. This suggests confirmation should be sought by trend-following indicators, such as the Directional Movement Index system and its key component, the Average Directional Index . The ADX is designed to indicate whether a trend is in place or not, with a reading above 25 indicating a trend is in place and a reading below 20 suggesting no trend is in place. In the following chart, you can see how the two EMAs applied to the price chart correspond to the MACD crossing above or below its baseline in the indicator below the price chart.

SignalLine — Nine-period exponential series matrix | table | timetable

The reason was the lack of the modern trading platforms which show the changing prices every moment. As the working week used to be 6-days, the period settings of represent 2 weeks, 1 month and one and a half week. Now when the trading weeks have only 5 days, possibilities of changing the period settings cannot be overruled. Moving Average Convergence Divergence is a technical indicator developed by Gerald Appel that signals overbought and oversold conditions by measuring the intensity of public sentiment. The Moving Average Convergence/Divergence indicator is created by calculating the difference between the 12 day and 26 day exponential moving averages .


A bullish signal is identified when the MACD line crosses from below to above its signal line. Moving Average Convergence and Divergence was proposed as a trend-following momentum indicator by Geral Appel in 1979. The MACD is a simple and effective trend following tool, with the CQG defaults the most common variables used in the market. This usually measures the difference between the MACD and signal lines.

What is MACD?

The MACD histogram oscillates above and below zero, showing the extent to which the MACD line is above or below the signal line, indicating the strength of the trend. After all, all of the data used in MACD is based on the historical price action of the instrument. Since it is based on historical data, it must necessarily “lag” the price. For these traders, this aspect of the MACD might be viewed as a leading indicator of future trend changes.


Key signals that traders look out for are the signal line crossover, zero line crossover, and bullish and bearish divergence. Here the MACD gives trading signals similar to a two moving average system. One of the strategies is to buy when the MACD rises above the zero line and sell when the MACD crosses below the zero line . However, this approach is profitable only when strong trends emerge.

MACD Oscillator – Technical Analysis

Technical analysis requires the use of tools known as technical indicators. There are many of them out there, but technical analysts use some more often than they do others. One of the most important of the indicators is the Moving Average Convergence Divergence . If the faster moving average is falling below the slower one, bearish momentum may be increasing.

It is one of the most popular technical oscillators and uses a moving average crossover method to generate trading signals by measuring price momentum in trending markets. Like all moving average-based indicators, the MACD is a lagging indicator. The MACD indicator shows us the relationship between two exponential moving averages for a selected instrument. In the basic setup, the MACD can be calculated by subtracting the longer moving average with a period of 26 from the shorter moving average with a period of 12 .

Centerline crossovers

What makes the MACD such a valuable tool for technical analysis is that it is almost like two indicators in one. It can help to identify not just trends, but it can measure momentum as well. The MACD indicator measures the convergence and divergence of two moving averages. The mid-term moving average is subtracted from the short-term moving averages to arrive at this value. One of the divergence problems is that it can signal a reversal, but it is a false positive.

  • Can toggle the visibility of the MACD Line as well as the visibility of a price line showing the actual current value of the MACD Line.
  • When the MACD crosses the signal line from below, it’s traditionally bullish; when the MACD crosses below the signal line, it’s bearish.
  • This fluctuation is a crossover which signals to traders that the shorter moving average has crossed the path of the longer one.
  • The best time frame to use with the MACD depends on the type of trade, instrument, and stock that you’re interested in creating and executing a strategy for.
  • MACD uses moving averages, which are lagging indicators, to include some trend-following characteristics.

After all, a top priority in is being able to find a trend, because that is where the most money is made. Determine significant support and resistance levels with the help of pivot points. The content on this website is provided for informational purposes only and isn’t intended to constitute professional financial advice.

No Comments

Post A Comment